Irfan masterplan, Oman


This masterplan covers an area of 1.7 million m2. The project is organized around a landscaped circulation spine. There are 3 residential neighborhoods on the western side of this green spine, whereas public functions occupy its eastern side.
The program is composed of:
-Irfan Heights
The residential neighborhoods are designed to enhance pedestrian movement and decrease reliance on the car.
-Down Town Irfan
The distribution of the public functions encourages walking on public routes and central squares. These act as social magnets that generate quality urban space.
-Wadi Irfan
This component of the masterplan has two functions. First, it provides an agreeable landscaped outdoor setting for the inhabitants and the visitors of the project.
Second, it presents a realistic approach to integrate sustainable design parameters into the design scheme.
The concepts of vegetation proposed in this masterplan aim at providing a contextual environment that requires low maintenance. A main central circulation spine extends throughout the site and links the numerous functions together. This circulation spine provides a space for walking, riding bicycles and driving electric cars that do not pollute the environment.
Passive and active strategies guided the design process in the project:
The passive strategies include building siting, shading strategies, natural ventilation and good daylighting.
The active strategies address the issues of water treatment, solid waste and sewage treatment, air conditioning and ventilation as well as lighting.
All the proposed active strategies are backed up by conventional systems with reduced capacities and operating cost.